Respondents addressed many points and topics that did not address the scope of trade policies. The EFF was most often reported with the EU. Some opinions have stressed the need to reach an agreement with the EU before negotiating free trade agreements with other countries, given the importance of the EU market for UK businesses and the impact that agreements with the EU can have on the provisions of new UK free trade agreements. Other respondents said they would rather stay in the EU than leave it and negotiate a trade deal with Australia. Interviewees also expressed concerns about DIT`s organizational ability to simultaneously negotiate and implement several new trade agreements. Others, with regard to gender equality in free trade agreements and trade policy, as well as immigration. Remarks were also made regarding the historical relationship between the United Kingdom and Australia. Relevant comments on human rights, public health, quality of life and impact assessments referred to in the consultation section on labour and the environment have been taken into account in this section. There are costs associated with familiarizing the company with the agreement. While there is data on the number of firms trading in goods, data on the number of firms trading in services is limited. In addition, it is hoped that access to preferences under an agreement would encourage other companies to trade with Australia.
It is therefore not possible to fully estimate the one-time initiation costs for companies trading in goods and services. It was also recognized that provisions relating to free trade agreements (including, for example, workers` rights, intellectual property, procurement and regulation of public services) can have social consequences that may be gender-specific. Several interviewees found that women are financially disadvantaged in the labour market, and many concerns were expressed about trade liberalization, which increases the gender pay gap. It was also called for any UK free trade agreement to protect and promote strong labour rights and respect international obligations on gender equality and other human rights. Some NGOs interviewed called for gender impacts to be monitored over time and for impact assessments to be conducted on issues such as gender equality, human rights, workers` rights, the environment and the economic impact of trade agreements in the UK and third countries. Many NGOs also stated that civil society should cooperate closely on these issues. Australia is also a leading member of the CPTPP. The UK government sees membership in the CPTPP (one of the world`s largest free trade areas, which together accounted for 13% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2018) as an important part of its economic strategy and propensity for the Asia-Pacific region. In 2019, we traded with countries in this expansionary free trade area and are committed to boosting our trade with these economies. [Footnote 9] As an agreement that runs through the dynamic Asia-Pacific region, the CPTPP offers a decisive path to strengthen the diversity of UK trade agreements. Trade policy remedies serve as a safety net to protect UK businesses from harm caused by unfair trading practices, such as dumping and subsidies, or from damage caused by unforeseen increases in imports. The United Kingdom has developed a new framework of trade measures that will help create fair competition for UK industry so that it can compete with foreign producers benefiting from unfair practices.
Free trade agreements can present a number of opportunities and challenges for businesses. Existing exporters and importers can benefit from new trade opportunities resulting from tariff liberalization and the reduction of regulatory restrictions on services, while companies that are not currently exporting could benefit from increased incentives. [footnote 93] Nor can Parliament, which can only vote on the enabling law. .