Another factor is that the United States will likely use an agreement between Britain and the United States as leverage for a more advantageous agreement between the United States and the EU, meaning that the United States will likely be eager to achieve its goals. At present, U.S. trade policy is not tamed in this regard, as demonstrated by the U.S. government`s publication of the negotiating objectives of a U.K.-U.S. trade agreement. In 2017, the U.S. trade policy agenda for 2017 called for a “more aggressive approach” to trade and the use of “any leverage possible to encourage other countries to give U.S. producers fair and reciprocal access to their markets.” The first steps towards a post-Brexit trade deal between Britain and the United States have already been taken. On this basis, EU trade agreements can continue to apply to the UK. After leaving the European Union, the UK plans to negotiate trade agreements to replace and complement members of the EU Customs Union. Since October 2020[update], the UK has concluded a new trade agreement (with Japan) for the continuation of 20 existing agreements (EU) and new negotiations are under way. The British government calls itself a proponent of free trade.

[2] [3] The UK trade agreement with Switzerland contains elements of the EU-Switzerland MRA. 3) The United Kingdom signed a trade agreement with Iceland and Norway on 2 April 2019. The agreement was signed to maintain continued trade and was part of preparations for a possible “no deal” Brexit. It will not come into force. The UK`s future relations with these countries are influenced by their relations with the EU, as they are EEA member states. We will continue to work with Iceland and Norway to determine the most effective method of maintaining and strengthening trade with them beyond the transition period. However, they appear to be undermined by a US trade deal that poses a series of threats to public health and a reduction in food and agricultural standards after Brexit. Some Proponents of Brexit had made a US trade deal one of the first advantages of leaving the EU and its customs union, although the economic value of such a deal has been called into question.